terranium

Indoor gardening doesn’t have to be difficult

Growing plants indoors is a great project. For some of us, however, we may not have a green thumb nor enough space to get started. If you find yourself in this situation, a terrarium might be the perfect fit for you.

Terrariums are mini tabletop gardens that are fun and easy to create. You can control the growing environment, plus the final product can serve as a great decorative piece for your indoor space.

If you’re looking for an easy-to-set-up and low maintenance indoor garden project, build a terrarium. Don’t know where to start? In this guide, we’ll tell you everything you need to know.

What Are Terrariums?

Put simply, terrariums are small enclosed environments for specific plants. They’re basically greenhouses on a much smaller scale. Terrariums have their own ecosystems.

Typically, containers for terrarium gardens are transparent. Most people use glass or plastic. We’ll go in-depth with containers later on.

There are two kinds of terrariums: sealed and open. Sealed terrariums have a removable lid, while open terrariums do not.

How Do Terrariums Work?

I mentioned earlier that terrariums have their own ecosystem. Does that mean they have their own water cycle as well? The answer is yes! 

Terrariums are indoor gardens inside a sealed container. The plants and the soil within your terrarium release water vapor, essentially recycling water. The water vapor is then collected onto the walls of your vessel and ends up trickling down to the soil.

Terrariums are self-nourishing and, for the most part, self-sustaining. Therefore, they require little to no maintenance.

What Are the Benefits of Terrariums?

Terrariums come with a whole host of benefits. Just a few of them are that they:

  • Help grow plants that would be hard to grow in dry air.
  • Provide a confined space for a mini garden.
  • Allow you to use artificial light rather than sunlight.
  • Do not need to be watered frequently.

Materials Needed

Before you get started, you’ll need a few supplies. For some, you may need to run to the store. For most other supplies, you may already have them readily available in your home. Look around you. You may be surprised by what you’ll find at home.

  • Glass Vessel. A terrarium will require some kind of glass vessel. While there are many different types of containers you may opt to use, consider choosing one made out of a transparent material. This will allow you to look in and enjoy the sight of your mini garden.
  • Small Stones or Pebbles. These will serve as the base of your terrarium. They act as a water drainage system for the roots of your plants and ensure that excess water does not remain in the soil and cause rot.
  • Activated Charcoal. You don’t need much. A thin layer of activated charcoal is enough to keep water fresh and fight off bacterial growth.
  • Potting Soil. This is one of the most important layers of your terrarium. Any type of soil will do. However, unique mixes are available if you’re planning on planting cacti or succulents.
  • Plants.  The main attraction. Pick out a few of your favorite small plants. Succulents, mini-cacti, and air plants are all excellent choices.
  • Gardening Tools. For basic gardening needs.

Read further on the next page.